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Know your van

Engines (1983 onwards)
Water-cooled (wasserboxer)

    1.9 litre engines:

    • 1.9 L (1913 cc) (83 bhp) (Serial # DH) water-cooled (or “Wasserboxer”) engine used for the 1983 1/2 to 1985 models, which use a fuel injection system known as “Digijet” (Digital Jet-tronic)
    • 1.9 L (1913 cc) (59 bhp) (Serial # DF) 8.6:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
    • 1.9 L (1913 cc) (76 bhp) (Serial # DG) 8.6:1 compression ratio, 2E3 or 2E4 carburetor
    • 1.9 L (1913 cc) (55 bhp) (Serial # EY) 7.5:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
    • 1.9 L (1913 cc) (89 bhp) (Serial # GW) 8.6:1 compression ratio, Bosch Digijet electronic fuel injection
  • 2.1 Litre engines:
    • 2.1 L (2100 cc) (95 bhp) (Serial # MV) Wasserboxer, produced until the end of the T3 series in 1990. This engine uses a more advanced engine management system known as Bosch “Digifant I” which now digitally manages ignition timing as well as fuel delivery.
    • 2.1 L (2100 cc) (90 bhp) (Serial # SS) 9:1 compression ratio Wasserboxer
    • 2.1 L (2100 cc) (112 bhp) (Serial # DJ) 10:1 compression ratio, Digijet injection, only sold in European countries not requiring catalytic converter.
  • The Wasserboxer features an aluminum case, cylinder heads, and pistons, and a forged steel crankshaft.

    The Wasserboxer, as with all VW boxer engines, directly drives the camshaft via a small gear on the crankshaft, and a large one on the camshaft that makes direct contact, so there is no timing chain or belt to worry about. The entire mechanism is internal to the engine so there is no concern as long as the oil is changed regularly.

    Diesel engines

    In contrast to the standard flat-4 gasoline engines, all diesel engine options were of an inline configuration.

    • 1.6 L (1588 cc) (48 bhp) (Serial # CS) Naturally aspirated Diesel inline 4.
    • 1.6 L (1588 cc) (70 bhp) (Serial # JX) Turbocharged inline 4.
    • 1.7 L (1700 cc) (54 bhp) (Serial # KY) Natural aspirated inline 4.

    VIN Interpretation for model years 1981-1991

    W V 2 Z B 0 25 7 L H 066370
    Manufacturing Country
    W – Germany
    Manufacturer
    V – Volkswagen
    Vehicle Type
    1 – Pickup Truck
    2 – MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle)
    Vehicle Series
    U – 1980-91 Single-Cab Pickup (Pritschewagen)
    V – 1980-91 Double-Cab Pickup (Dopplekabine)
    W – 1980-91 Panel Van (no windows in sides)
    X – 1980-91 Kombi
    Y – 1980-91 Bus (Vanagon)
    Z – 1980-91 Camper
    Engine Series
    A – 4-Cylinder Gasoline (Air-Cooled)
    B – 4-Cylinder Gasoline (Water-Cooled)
    G – 4-Cylinder Diesel (Water-cooled)
    Restraint System
    Passive (seat belts)
    Model
    24 – Transporter (Pickups)
    25 – Vanagon (vans)
    VIN check digit
    (Manufacturer’s Internal Code)
    Vehicle model year
    B – 1981   E – 1984   H – 1987   L – 1990
    C – 1982   F – 1985   J – 1988   M – 1991
    D – 1983   G – 1986   K – 1989
    Assembly plant
    E – Emden
    G – Graz (Austria. normally for Syncro models)
    H – Hannover (most buses assembled here)
    Production number
    (sequential)
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